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Feb9, 2023

SECURE Act 2.0 – Deal or No Deal? Pt. 1

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In this episode of the Great Retirement Debate, Ed and Jeffrey debate SECURE Act 2.0 and whether it’s big deal, or not a big deal for you, the consumer, in regards to the provisions affecting required minimum distributions (RMDs), qualified charitable distributions (QCDs) and the new 10% RMD penalty.

Episode Transcript

[00:00:00] Intro: Hi, I’m Ed Slott. And I’m Jeff Levine. And we are two guys who just love to talk about retirement and taxes.

[00:00:06] Intro: Look, our mission is simple to educate you, the savers, so that you can make better decisions because better decisions on the whole lead to better outcomes.

[00:00:14] Intro: And here’s how we’re going to do that.

[00:00:15] Intro: Each week, Jeff and I will debate the pros and the cons of a particular retirement strategy or topic with the goal of helping you keep more of your hard-earned money.

[00:00:26] Intro: Yeah, but we won’t know which side of the debate we’re taking until we flip a coin. Winner of the coin flip gets to pick which side of the debate they want to argue, and both of us will have to argue in favor of our respective positions, whether we agree with them or not.

[00:00:40] Intro: At the end of each debate, there’s going to be one clear winner, you, a more informed saver who can hopefully apply the merits of each side of the debate to your own personal situation to decide what’s best for you and your family.

[00:00:52] Intro: So here we go. Welcome to the Great Retirement Debate.[00:01:00]

[00:01:02] Ed Slott: Well, here we are, Jeff, Secure 2.0. A brand new tax law, lots of provisions affecting retirement accounts. What do you think?

[00:01:10] Jeffrey Levine: I think it’s a lot of provisions. I think you’re right. I mean, secure Act 1.0, the, the OG version for those young listeners out there.

[00:01:17] Ed Slott: You know, I was calling it that, I, I wasn’t calling it that. I gotta admit somebody told me. If you wanna sound hip at a seminar call secure the OG. And I just used it at a seminar to say, oh, he’s hip.

[00:01:28] Jeffrey Levine: Yeah, yeah. You know where that person got it from? So, yeah, that, you know, that version had like a dozen provisions and we thought it was monstrous and it, and admittedly like the death of the stretch, there was a, a bigger deal probably than any single provision of Secure Act 2.0.

[00:01:45] Jeffrey Levine: But Secure Act 2.0 has nearly 100 changes. So many.

[00:01:50] Ed Slott: All right, let’s start with one and, uh, by the, on this podcast, we’ll get through 90 of them probably.

[00:01:56] Jeffrey Levine: Right? That’s a good goal. Yeah. Actually, we’re gonna do something a little bit different [00:02:00] today given the, the volume of the changes in the SECURE Act. And we obviously wanna include that in, uh, you know, in our discussions here.

[00:02:07] Jeffrey Levine: We’re gonna break down the secure act in multiple episodes here. We’re gonna start with the R M D related provisions, and instead of our normal pro or con, Ed, we’re gonna go deal or no deal. And we’re gonna go through all the RMD provisions, but we’ll flip the coin. And you can choose, I’ll, I’ll flip the coin you choose, and whatever you decide, you have to take that side for every provision, right?

[00:02:30] Jeffrey Levine: So if you want deal, you gotta say everything is a big deal and explain why. And if I, and if you want no deal, you gotta explain why it’s not really a big deal. All right? So let’s flip the coin here. Here we go.

[00:02:40] Ed Slott: Remember, everybody listening, the listener, if you’re listening, you are the winner. We, we may, we have to say, and I, I know, Jeff, you tell me not to say it on each one, but, we may be taking sides that you hear us in a seminar saying, never do that.

[00:02:56] Jeffrey Levine: Sorry, pay no attention to the man behind the curtain. All right, Ed. Uh, you [00:03:00] know, I, you know, we’re, how many episodes in, I forgot to ask still, What would you like heads or tails?

[00:03:05] Ed Slott: Uh, well, uh, alright, uh, heads, I have the coin here. Wait a minute. I have a real coin.

[00:03:11] Jeffrey Levine: And the answer is,

[00:03:14] Jeffrey Levine: Alright, tails. I’m gonna say it’s a big deal.

[00:03:16] Jeffrey Levine: I’m gonna go Big deal on this, Ed.

[00:03:18] Ed Slott: I knew you were gonna do that cause that’s the opposite approach. And you’re a good debater. You like the opposite side.

[00:03:23] Jeffrey Levine: I, I like it again. Give me, gimme, gimme some meat. Let me argue , yeah.

[00:03:25] Ed Slott: All right, so I have. You have deal. I have no deal.

[00:03:29] Jeffrey Levine: Yeah, no big deal for you.

[00:03:30] Ed Slott: Alright, let’s start right at the beginning.

[00:03:31] Ed Slott: The one that everybody’s citing, RMDs, required minimum distributions. The age has been increased from 72 to 73, and then way later till 75. And you’re going to say, that’s a deal.

[00:03:45] Jeffrey Levine: That’s a big deal. Of course it is. And first off, I have to argue that. So yeah, that’s a big deal. I mean, think about it. If, let’s say, you know, someone… let’s say average life expectancy for someone starting to take RMDs is somewhere around, you know, 88 or [00:04:00] so, somewhere in that range, late eighties. If you live to to be 72, you probably live to be about, you know, 86, 87, 88, depending upon what socioeconomic factors we wanna apply. And you’re talking about limiting, you know, maybe 10% now, if you go to, from 72 to 75, 10% of the time you’re, you’re, you’re getting rid of RMDs. Not only that, Ed, that’s a big deal because we’re talking another year, another three years potentially for some to do tax efficient Roth conversions to have the option. Remember the required minimum is just that it’s a minimum distribution, but we’re giving now people the option for three more years in a decade, of course.

[00:04:40] Jeffrey Levine: So we’ve gotta wait a little bit while for that. But already this year people have another year, from where they were previously, and that’s three years for some from where it was just a few years ago when you could combine secure act one, which took us from 70 and a half to 72 and secure act two, which took us now from 72 to 73.

[00:04:59] Jeffrey Levine: So [00:05:00] of course that has to be a big deal.

[00:05:01] Ed Slott: All right. I have to say no deal on that and especially no deal on that age 75 thing. Uh, look at, you know, I’ve seen headlines. I’ve seen stories that say RMD age increase to 75 in 10 years. Who knows where anybody will be in 10 years? So that’s not even an issue.

[00:05:18] Ed Slott: That doesn’t happen till 2033. Now, I agree with one point that you made, sure, nobody likes to be forced to do anything. So the further you could push back the RMD age, even if it’s one year. That’s more freedom you have to do other things, like you said, with the Roth conversions, but one year now you have to explain to everybody the transition from 72 to 73, you saw the confusion, uh, when it went from 70 and a half. And by the way, the Secure Act, that was the best single part of the whole OG Secure Act, getting rid of that half year. People didn’t know what age they were, 70 am I 71? When am I 70 and a half? Which table should I use? Which age? [00:06:00] They didn’t know what they were doing. This went on for like 30 years. All right, so we got rid of that. Then it moved to 72. But you had some problems with the transition. Who gets 72? And we had that half year thing, if you remember.

[00:06:12] Jeffrey Levine: Now we’re practiced at that, Ed. Now we know what to do, we’ve been through it once already. .

[00:06:16] Ed Slott: Yeah. Alright, so now people have to see, do I get 73? All right. So here are the rules. If you are already at 72 already taking distributions, this doesn’t apply to you.

[00:06:26] Jeffrey Levine: No soup for you!

[00:06:27] Ed Slott: Yeah, no soup for you. Once you start, you can’t stop. That’s kind of the theme of the IRS regulations. Once RMDs start, start, they can’t be stopped, so you don’t get a, a break. Uh, but one year after all of that one year, and the other problem I have with this, it encourages people to procrastinate, to delay distributions. When you are looking at the, the original SECURE Act gave us an ending date for the beneficiaries.

[00:06:55] Ed Slott: Before secure, there was the stretch IRA beneficiaries could go out [00:07:00] 20, 30, 50, 80 years for a young grandchild. Now we know there’s a finite, there’s an end date. By 10 years after death, most beneficiaries will have to end that account. So the shorter you make the overall window, more tax is gonna have to be paid more of those distributions probably fall more no deal I would say for the beneficiaries because the longer, say the parents delay because the tax law says they can delay, uh, the more income, the more of that IRA, remember the whole IRA or 401k has to come out by the end of 10 years after death.

[00:07:36] Jeffrey Levine: You are totally right and and in fact, you know, it’s, I’m glad you brought that up because I think that’s another reason why this is a big deal. It increases the likelihood that people will experience what I’ve started to call the big tax crunch, which is fewer years of forced distributions, plus fewer years of possible distributions means a lot more [00:08:00] income may be compressed into a shorter amount of time.

[00:08:02] Ed Slott: Right. That’s what I’m talking about!

[00:08:03] Jeffrey Levine: You know, listeners to this program who are probably more proactive than most. Hopefully they’ll, they’ll get the idea that we’ve gotta look proactively, maybe look at Roth conversions or things like that. But a lot of people who just kind of look at the default and say I don’t have to take this. This is now further back that they’re pushing those RMDs. They’re gonna have more tax in their lifetime, and as you talked about, Ed, they’re gonna have a lot more tax potentially for their heirs because we’re taking what used to be starting at 70 a half, we’re making that somewhere between 3, 4, 5 years for some shorter of, of forced distributions during life, and we’re taking what was decades and we’re shortening it down to 10 years from most after death. That’s a big deal.

[00:08:43] Ed Slott: And wouldn’t you agree that most people, if they hear the word minimum, everybody likes I, it’s such a popular provision. Congress loves it. People, they say, oh good, I don’t have to do it. But you are just creating a huge tax bill at some point during your lifetime and the beneficiaries. So I, I [00:09:00] think it encourages people to delay distributions when maybe they should take more out while rates are low now in 23, 24, 25, and get that out. But another,

[00:09:09] Jeffrey Levine: So you agree, it’s a big deal then.

[00:09:11] Ed Slott: No, it’s not a big deal.

[00:09:13] Ed Slott: Uh, the reason it’s not a big deal, another big reason I’ll give you cause it only affects maybe 20% of the people. Uh, under the treasury’s own statistics, 80% of the people take more that are subject to RMDs take more than the amount because they need the money. So telling them, well, if you need the money, you don’t have to take it. Well, I need the money!

[00:09:32] Jeffrey Levine: That’s true, and that, and that was before when it was 70 and a half.

[00:09:36] Ed Slott: Yeah, that was true.

[00:09:36] Jeffrey Levine: And certainly more people take it now voluntarily and before a bear market in 2022 that uh, you know, probably hurt some people’s finances as well. Yeah.

[00:09:45] Ed Slott: So it only helps the people that don’t need the money, they can delay. But like I just said, if they delay, they’re probably the ones gonna get hit with a, uh, bigger tax bill. Them and their beneficiaries. We have other provisions. Anyway, that’s our deal or no deal on [00:10:00] RMDs. What about deal or, uh, no deal. Uh, on the 50, former 50%, one of the biggest penalties in the tax code, the 50%…

[00:10:10] Ed Slott: I said former, the 50% penalty for not taking an RMD, one of the harshest provisions in, in the whole tax code. And now it’s gone. It’s gone and replaced with a 25% penalty. Oh, what a deal. Uh, and even 10% if you make up the missed distribution. I call no deal on that. Uh, but, uh, do you want me to tell you why first, or you wanna say why it’s a big deal?

[00:10:34] Jeffrey Levine: I’ll say why it’s a big deal. I mean, you just said it’s one of the biggest, uh, biggest penalties in the tax code if it’s going from 50 down to 10. I mean, that’s a reduction of 80%. I mean that quantitatively, that has to be a big deal, right?

[00:10:48] Ed Slott: All right, I’ll cut you down on that. I’d rather pay 50% of nothing than 10% of something.

[00:10:54] Ed Slott: I may be a little cynical here, but as you would agree, I know you would agree. Almost [00:11:00] nobody ever paid the 50% penalty. If you had the dog ate my homework, whatever you said, that penalty IRS was very generous and liberal waiving the penalty. I worry at 10% now, will they be as generous? Will more people end up paying 10% now?

[00:11:17] Ed Slott: Uh, so it behooves every advisor and everybody watching this to make sure you take your RMD. So I say it’s no deal. Only because you could end up with a higher penalty than you would’ve had under the 50% regime.

[00:11:30] Jeffrey Levine: Well, I think that’s a good point, Ed. But one of the other provisions of the SECURE Act that we can talk about, uh, related to RMDs is the fact that they’re looking to shift how they provide relief about this penalty in general.

[00:11:44] Jeffrey Levine: So I don’t know if they were going to be shifting the way they give relief to something called EPCRS, which is just a, a obnoxious acronym for employee plans compliance Resolution system. Uh, traditionally this was reserved [00:12:00] for if a 401k or a 403b or similar type of plan made a boo boo, right? And it was about to, to lose its qualified tax preference status.

[00:12:08] Jeffrey Levine: You could go to the IRS, do a mea culpa, ask how how you should fix, you know what, what step you should take to rectify your plan. And the IRS would tell you, and you did it, and they blessed it, and they said, okay, you’re good. You’re back in our good graces. Well, they’re now gonna apply the same group to RMD forgiveness, and I wonder if that group will be as beneficial.

[00:12:30] Jeffrey Levine: So without a change from the 50% to the 10%, maybe that group would just say, you know what? You’re paying 50%. And not only that Ed. I believe very recently, you know, the IRS got a big infusion of cash, something like 80 billion above and beyond what was their, uh, their normal funding and part of that…

[00:12:49] Ed Slott: Yeah, lemme stop you there. Uh, I doubt any of that was directed to RMD relief.

[00:12:55] Jeffrey Levine: Well, I think a little bit of it is gonna go to modernize..

[00:12:58] Ed Slott: Maybe like 5 or [00:13:00] 10 dollars.

[00:13:01] Jeffrey Levine: Well, you know what? They’re gonna modernize their systems and modernizing their systems might make it, you know, the IRS knows how old you are. They have your social security number.

[00:13:10] Ed Slott: I always said that, they’re one keystroke away from knowing everything.

[00:13:13] Jeffrey Levine: That’s right.

[00:13:13] Jeffrey Levine: And so if they were on keystroke, if they actually modernize their system, you know, right now I think my, uh, my, uh, my pocket calculator that I used in sixth grade has more power than the IRS computers. If they actually go ahead and use some of that money to modernize their systems, maybe they’re actually able to pull that and match 1099Rs and start asking questions.

[00:13:33] Jeffrey Levine: You know, I think it’s something like 80% of the audits today are done as correspondence audits. Where they basically send you a, a question in the mail and say, prove it. Uh, and you know, maybe we see more of those correspondence audits popping up soon where they say, hey, you’re 74, we see that you have a 5498, which the IRS already has saying what your fair market value is.

[00:13:55] Jeffrey Levine: You know, your RMD age. Why didn’t you take enough? It doesn’t [00:14:00] like, it wouldn’t take a particularly powerful computer system to be able to identify that.

[00:14:04] Ed Slott: Not only that, there’s a checkbox on the form. It’s subject to RMDs.

[00:14:08] Jeffrey Levine: It’s almost like they have all the information there. So I think this could be a big deal if we do see those systems modernized and we do see more people having the otherwise, even though it’s a big deal, Ed, it’s just the numbers game, right?

[00:14:20] Jeffrey Levine: Like we talk about 10,000 baby boomers turning. Were retiring every year. But the reality is, it it, that’s kind of an average over the baby boomer demographic. It started with five and 6,000, but now we’re, we’re kind of seeing the crest of that wave. So more people are going to be getting coming into RMD age than we have ever had in the history of the country.

[00:14:42] Jeffrey Levine: And so just. If we just extrapolate out the amount of people who make mistakes today based on how many people there are today versus the amount of like, even if it’s on a relatively constant basis, that’s a heck of a lot more people having a heck of a lot more mistakes that now at worst, they will see 25 or [00:15:00] 10% if they timely fix it.

[00:15:01] Jeffrey Levine: So big deal.

[00:15:01] Ed Slott: Including beneficiaries and their RMDs are very complicated with the 10 year rules. So we’ll have to see that EPCRS, uh, that correction system, we won’t know. Uh, IRS according to this law, has two years to write the rules on that and the guidance. But let’s move on while we’re talking to about RMDs.

[00:15:19] Ed Slott: Deal or no deal, the QCD, qualified charitable distributions, uh, the change there is the a hundred thousand is the limit. Uh, what you can do per person, not per IRA, per person, per year. For IRA owners who are 70 and a half years older or older, or IRA beneficiaries have to be 70 and a half. Even though the age, the RMD age, is now 73 and maybe one day 75, it’s still a 70 and a half age and it’s uh, only for IRAs, just to make that clear.

[00:15:51] Ed Slott: So the hundred thousand, I always thought that was enough for most people. How many people give that much? But apparently it wasn’t. So that’s going to be index for [00:16:00] inflation. So that’s one thing. I don’t think it’s a big deal cause I don’t think unless you have the, the big, the heavy hitters, I don’t think that’s gonna make that much of a difference.

[00:16:08] Ed Slott: And then the other provision, a, a one time $50,000 QCD. To split interest in entities like, uh, charitable gift annuities or charitable remainder trust. I don’t think that’s a big deal because it’s only 50,000. You’re gonna set up a whole trust and the, the whole, uh, infrastructure on that for one item.

[00:16:28] Ed Slott: So I, I, that’s my no big deal on that. Why do you say it’s a big deal?

[00:16:32] Jeffrey Levine: No, this one’s tough, Ed.

[00:16:34] Ed Slott: I know!

[00:16:35] Jeffrey Levine: I almost wanna concede, but I can’t do that. My pride won’t let me do it. I have to argue that it’s a big deal. I guess I’m gonna go with a big deal because people have been asking for a long time. Can we allow our QCDs to be made to other types of charitable organizations?

[00:16:50] Jeffrey Levine: And the big one that people have asked for is, can I put this into my donor advised fund? And now the law, just to be clear, SECURE Act 2.0 does not do that.

[00:16:59] Ed Slott: [00:17:00] Right.

[00:17:00] Jeffrey Levine: Donor advised funds are still not allowed, but maybe this cracks the door a little bit. So I’m gonna say big deal, because maybe this is the first crack in Congress’s position that this money has to go right to charity directly, immediately, and exclusively the split interest you’re talking about.

[00:17:19] Jeffrey Levine: You know, these things are, this allows you to still benefit a portion of those dollars, but also still have charity benefit. And I think the biggest deal there is gonna be on the charitable gift annuities, the charitable remainder trust, and the charitable, uh, remainder and the, the unit trust and the annuity trust.

[00:17:37] Jeffrey Levine: I think…

[00:17:38] Ed Slott: You have to concede on that.

[00:17:40] Jeffrey Levine: I, I, I just, I got nothing. I mean, I, I can’t, it’s hard to imagine a scenario where I could do that, but the charitable gift annuity, you know, the big difference is no setup cost in general, right? Because the charity is typically operating that, and you have no ongoing cost like you would have with a, an ongoing trust, with a trust tax return, etc.

[00:17:57] Jeffrey Levine: So the charitable gift annuity is a great way [00:18:00] for someone to still benefit in part from the dollars that they had in their IRA, but support their charitable endeavor. So I think that could be a big deal. If I have to go with one, I’m gonna go with that. And again, I think the biggest thing is this is the first crack in that kind of…

[00:18:14] Ed Slott: That’s true. One more item. One more item.

[00:18:17] Jeffrey Levine: All right, one more.

[00:18:18] Ed Slott: QLACs, Qualified Longevity Annuity Contract.

[00:18:22] Jeffrey Levine: Oh, big deal, Ed. Big, big deal.

[00:18:26] Ed Slott: I would agree. It’s a big deal. Uh, let me, these are these, uh, longevity annuities where they kick in generally at 85, and the idea of them is great. Uh, that, you know, you hit 85, you’re not outta money, and whatever amount you apportion to that within your IRA, comes off the calculate – the amount that’s used to calculate the RMD so it can lower your RMD. Here’s why I say no big deal. I mean, it is a big deal. They just raised it. They got rid of the 25% limitation, great, and they raise it to 200,000. That’s a big deal. Here’s why I say no big deal. Nobody uses [00:19:00] it.

[00:19:00] Ed Slott: I don’t see anybody who uses it. We were at, uh, one of our training programs and we have hundreds of advisors that are really into this stuff. I said, how many of you are using the QLACs? And not even one hand. I don’t know why. I think the idea is good. So that’s why I say no big deal on this.

[00:19:17] Jeffrey Levine: Yeah. You know, it is one of those, uh, things where it even has a name, the annuity paradox where academically, these types of annuities. And Ed, we should just make clear, you and I are CPAs. Uh, you, neither one of us has an insurance license.

[00:19:32] Ed Slott: Oh, right, right.

[00:19:33] Jeffrey Levine: Uh, and you know, I I, you don’t, you don’t do anything in terms of advising and I work for a fee only RIA. We don’t, you know, we don’t take commission.

[00:19:42] Jeffrey Levine: So we are like your poster childs for, or poster children, I should say, for the people who are supposed to hate anything called annuities. But the reality is, were, we are fact-based, right? We’re evidence-driven human beings, first and foremost. And the evidence supports [00:20:00] income style annuities. Longevity annuities.

[00:20:02] Jeffrey Levine: Now there’s, I, I don’t, you know, there’s a, a famous ad out there, Ed, I, you know, I hate annuities and you should too. And I don’t, I don’t hate, I have them.

[00:20:12] Jeffrey Levine: I know. I know, but you know what? I hate the word annuity, and I think you should too because the word annuity means so many different things. In some cases it’s very high fee, uh, products that allow you to invest, but take your money back over times.

[00:20:28] Jeffrey Levine: In some cases, it’s a, almost like a CD offered by an insurance company, so-called Migas multi-year annuities.

[00:20:34] Ed Slott: I have those!

[00:20:35] Jeffrey Levine: Right, right. And then in other cases, we’re talking about these income style annuities. And so I think the problem is when people hear annuity, they just shut down cause they’ve heard all these quote unquote bad things or terrible things.

[00:20:46] Jeffrey Levine: And the reality is like most things, there are good products and bad products, and more importantly, good things for you and bad things for you. And from an academic perspective, these so-called income and particularly [00:21:00] longevity annuities. Annuities that don’t start income until much later in life. But because they’re not starting until much later in life, tend to provide much higher levels of guaranteed income for that remainder period are shown as one of the best, if not the best way to mitigate longevity risk.

[00:21:18] Jeffrey Levine: And Ed, you as I, uh, you, as know, as well as I do, most people when they walk into an office of an advisor or a tax professional, like their biggest risk is, I don’t wanna, or biggest concern is I don’t wanna run out of money before I run out of life. And so if that’s your biggest concern, you should start, not to say that you should run out and buy these things right away, but you should at least explore the things that are most likely to help you manage your biggest risk.

[00:21:45] Ed Slott: And that would include QLACs. I’m trying to get you back from this negative thing you just did too. This is a big deal. You’re supposed to be on the big deal side. It didn’t..

[00:21:54] Jeffrey Levine: Well, it’s a big deal because they’re, they’re, they’re helpful in this regard.

[00:21:56] Ed Slott: They’re great products, I’m saying no big deal cause nobody [00:22:00] uses it.

[00:22:00] Ed Slott: Even though we, I think we agree they should.

[00:22:02] Jeffrey Levine: Well, after listening to this Ed, everybody’s gonna be out there thinking about them, so.

[00:22:06] Ed Slott: Well, 200,000 now.

[00:22:08] Jeffrey Levine: Big deal.

[00:22:11] Ed Slott: Alright, that’s it for our RMD, uh, deal, or no deal, uh, section of secure 2.0, but there’s lots of other provisions we’ll cover in, uh, future episodes.

[00:22:21] Jeffrey Levine: Yeah, certainly we’ve got Roth related provisions and a ton more.

[00:22:24] Jeffrey Levine: Remember, there are almost a hundred provisions in this. So Ed, you know, like we always say, you know, there are two sides to every coin, today our two sides were deal or no deal, but you know, your retirement and your decisions are too important to leave up to a coin flip, and that’s why the one thing Ed and I always agree on is making sure that you run by any big decision with a knowledgeable financial advisor or tax professional so that you can weigh the pros and the cons or whether something for you is a deal or no deal against your specific set of goals and objectives.

[00:22:57] Jeffrey Levine: If you’d like to continue the discussion with Ed [00:23:00] and I, we’d love to hear from you. You can reach out to Ed using the handle @TheSlottReport on Twitter that’s @TheSlottReport on Twitter or myself on Twitter @CPAPlanner. Again, that’s @CPAPlanner. Ed, this was fun, but I know we’ve got a lot left, right?

[00:23:17] Ed Slott: Yeah, we still have more provisions on 2.0 coming up in our deal or no deal on Secure 2.0.

[00:23:24] Jeffrey Levine: All right, so we’ll see you next time on the Great Retirement Debate.

[00:23:28] Outro: Jeffrey Levine is Chief Planning Officer for Buckingham Wealth Partners. This podcast is for informational and educational purposes only, and should not be construed as specific investment accounting, legal or tax advice.

[00:23:38] Outro: Certain information mentioned may be based on third party information, which may become outdated or otherwise superseded without notice. Third party information is deemed to be reliable, but it’s. And completeness cannot be guaranteed. The topic discussed in corresponding arguments are those of the speakers and may not accurately reflect those of Buckingham Wealth Partners[00:24:00]